Cannabis cultivation is not a piece of cake and pruning a weed plant is a very important process involved. It involves multiple processes and requires growers to adopt special techniques to ensure healthy yields. An integral part of cannabis plant growth is pruning which offers countless benefits for any plantation, including optimized growth.
However, growers exploring the world of cannabis cultivation for the first time need accurate guidance related to pruning to ensure that the appropriate practices are implemented for desirable results. Whether you are a first-timer or a professional cultivator, this guide will help you understand the aspects related to pruning and how it is favorable for any plantation.
Read through this article, and we can guarantee that you will be able to find all the answers to your queries related to pruning weed.
Table of Contents
What Is Pruning Weed?
Cannabis pruning is a technique that allows growers to remove unwanted or dead leaves and branches that are not fully matured to optimize plant growth with healthier leaves. This method is an essential part of the cannabis cultivation process and enables sunlight to reach the lower parts of a cannabis plant once the damaged sections are removed.
After the pruning process, the remaining leaves are exposed to better nutrients and yield high-quality buds.
Pruning Vs. Trimming
Although both pruning and trimming involve cutting leaves from cannabis plants, each of these methods serves different purposes. Pruning involves the cutting of large sections from cannabis plants to remove the damaged leaves and branches to cater effectively to the problem of damage control.
On the other hand, trimming focuses on enhancing plant features for a smooth smoking experience. This process removes fan and sugar leaves, usually after the harvest, to improve the aroma and aesthetics of a cannabis plantation.
Is Pruning Weed Plants Necessary?
Pruning weed plants is an important part of ensuring optimal growth and a healthy crop as this process removes the unwanted sections of a plant that might be absorbing nutrients that the good parts of a cannabis plant can utilize. This process ensures that the energy reaches the parts of the plant where it is needed the most to ensure exceptional yields.
Why Is Pruning A Weed Plant Important?
Cannabis plants go through various growth stages and require different types of techniques that aid proper growth. An essential aspect of the growth procedure is pruning which enables cultivators to remove dead branches, leaves, and other parts of the cannabis plant and ensure that the nutrients are focused on the appropriate parts to ensure amazing cannabis crops.
Advantages Of Pruning Cannabis
Pruning cannabis plants has multiple benefits that ensure optimized growth and enable growers to enjoy massive yields of this premium product. Here are some of the best advantages of implementing pruning techniques for weed plants.
Redirect Cannabis Plant Energy
Pruning cannabis helps redirect plant energy to the right parts, which ensures better growth as each plant is able to receive the adequate energy and nutrients required for optimal growth. Therefore, pruning can effectively redirect energy to the designated areas of a cannabis plant.
Maximize Plant & Bud Growth
An exceptional benefit of pruning weed is the maximization of plant and bud growth, as this process helps in the proper distribution of nutrients, fertilizer, and water to help with adequate growth. The cannabis plants are able to grow as all the essential requirements of desirable growth are fulfilled with the help of pruning.
Pruning weed plants can maximize the potency levels as the crop is able to receive all its nutrients and essential factors that aid proper growth. Therefore, pruning can be an excellent way to optimize the potency levels of a cannabis plantation to produce premium yields.
Improve Air Flow & Light Penetration
A major benefit of pruning cannabis plants is the improvement in airflow and light penetration throughout the plant surface. The different techniques of pruning, such as topping and lollipopping, can help regulate the airflow and light penetration to optimize growth.
Maximize Grow Space
Pruning cannabis plants can help optimize growing spaces as the plants that go through pruning can grow efficiently without consuming a lot of space. In addition, pruning is a cost-effective method to make the best use of a cannabis grow space with the maximum number of plants.
Types Of Pruning Techniques
There are three main techniques for pruning cannabis plants that are implemented by experienced cultivators. In this section, we have described each method to provide an overview of the different ways cannabis plants are pruned.
We have also discussed an additional pruning method to help beginners understand this process and achieve desirable cannabis yields.
● Lollipopping – This technique involves the pruning of the bottom of a cannabis plant by aiming to remove the lower branches that do not receive adequate sunlight but absorb the nutrients that can help in healthier growth for the rest of the cannabis plant. In addition, the lower branches are not effective in terms of bud growth, so it is better to remove them to ensure top-notch quality buds for the upper section of a cannabis plant.
● Topping – Topping is a unique technique that encourages cannabis plants to grow in a specific way. The weed plants grow in a Christmas tree shape with a main stem and multiple side branches. This pruning method is focused on the tip of the main stem so that this stem grows into two separate colas.
In addition, it also increases the light exposure for the lower part of the plant helping in amazing growth. The best time for topping is during the vegetative growth phase when the plants have developed three to five nodes.
● Fimming – Fimming is similar to topping but aims for taller plants and increased yields. It involves the cutting of about 75% of the main stem’s tip to provide additional main colas. This method can lead to the growth of four colas if implemented correctly at the right time. Just like topping, fimming should be done during the vegetative growth phase when the cannabis plants have developed three to five nodes.
● Defoliation – Another method of pruning involves defoliation, focused on increasing the light exposure for cannabis plants to aid optimal growth. This process involves chopping off the excessive fan leaves to increase sunlight exposure towards the lower plant sections.
Moreover, defoliation helps in the enhancement of airflow to yield the desired results. This method must be implemented during the later stages of vegetation, preferably after the topping process.
How To Prune Weed Plants?
The first step in pruning weed plants is to observe them carefully and understand where dead branches and leaves are present so that they can be chopped off accurately. By removing the unwanted sections of a cannabis plant, the stress is reduced and improves its overall health.
In this section, we have explained the major steps required for the pruning process to ensure a bountiful crop with amazing potency and aroma.
What Growth Should I Prune?
It is crucial to know the right growth phase during which pruning will be most effective to ensure favorable results. Ideally, cannabis plants should be pruned when they reach a height of about 12 inches (30 cm). Usually, it is recommended that pruning techniques should be implemented during the vegetation phase to yield the best results.
Supplies And Equipment Needed For Pruning Weed
Some supplies and equipment are required for pruning weed to ensure an effective process. These include fine scissors, wet cannabis trimmers, dry cannabis trimmers, pruning snips, or trim conveyors. It is important to have the appropriate equipment for pruning cannabis to carry out a smooth procedure that yields favorable results.
When To Prune Cannabis?
It is important that cannabis cultivators should know the right time for pruning, as this stage has a significant role in plant growth. The right time depends on the pruning method intended for usage, such as topping and fimming are done during the vegetative phase to ensure healthier plant growth.
Sanitize & Clean Your Tools
It is essential that pruning should be performed with sanitized and clean tools to ensure desirable outcomes. The disinfection process helps in keeping cannabis plants secure from infections and diseases that can spoil the potency and aroma of plants. Therefore, sanitizing and cleaning your tools is important to implement the appropriate pruning techniques.
Prune Thoughtfully & Effectively
Although pruning is beneficial for cannabis plants, it is crucial that this process should be performed carefully and with precision to ensure desirable results. It can be complex for beginners to complete the pruning process, so it is recommended that they should follow proper guidelines and research well before initiating the procedure that might cause irreversible harm if not done appropriately.
Should I Cut Off Big Fan Leaves?
Fan leaves that grow too large can hinder trichome and cannabinoid production as they block light and airflow, which is essential for cannabis growth. Therefore, chopping big fan leaves can be an excellent way to regulate airflow and improve light exposure for healthy plant growth.
After Care For Pruning Weed
After the pruning procedure, cannabis plants are at a high risk of shock and therefore need proper care to ensure healthy growth. They need adequate water, nutrients, and fertilization to ensure optimal growth. Consequently, growers need to regulate fertilizer schedules and irrigation cycles to ensure favorable yields.
Risks Involved With Pruning Weed
Pruning weed plants involves several risks that might lead to unfavorable results that can hamper growth. The most prominent risk involved in this process is over-defoliation, which might disrupt the photosynthesis process and lead to unhealthy cannabis plants.
Moreover, adding too much prune-induced stress can make it difficult for the plants to recover, resulting in slow growth. Therefore, it is important to understand the risks involved in pruning to ensure the implementation of the risk techniques at the right time.
How Much Of A Weed Plant Can You Prune?
It is crucial to understand that excessive pruning can lead to unhealthy cannabis growth and unfavorable outcomes. Therefore, growers should know the appropriate level of pruning a cannabis plantation, especially beginners who want to achieve optimal yields.
Ideally, cultivators should not prune more than ⅓ of their plants, and any technique implemented should be performed a maximum of 1-2 times on a plantation.
Should I Prune Weed During Flower?
Cultivators can prune weed plants during the flowering phase through trimming, which can help combat molds and pests. However, the flowering phase is a crucial stage, and growers need to be extra careful while pruning to ensure favorable yields.
What Parts Of The Plant Should I Avoid Pruning If Possible?
It is crucial to understand that pruning should be done in a suitable way with the appropriate parts of the cannabis plants chopped off for better growth. However, growers need to be careful when pruning as there are some parts of the cannabis plant that must not be pruned as this could lead to unfavorable outcomes.
In addition, pruning should not be done to the side branches as this can lead to unhealthy growth. The main stem should be chopped off right above the fresh leaves so that the plant can grow well.
Final Thoughts – Pruning A Weed Plant
Here is a comprehensive guide on the appropriate process of pruning a weed plant. This article will help beginners and experienced cultivators prune their cannabis plants to achieve desirable yields. It is essential that growers should follow the right procedure of pruning and post-pruning to ensure that their cannabis plants develop into favorable yields. We hope this guide will enable growers to take advantage of pruning to achieve bounteous crops of cannabis.